Santuario dei tre Santi:ALFIO,CIRINO,FILADELFIO
SAN FRATELLO, SAINT FILADELFIO, FILADELFIA , OR PHILADELPHIA.
I came about the little village San Fratello on Sicily and curious as I am
and interested in names origin, history and language I started following
up the trace from the Middle Ages.The circle was not difficult to keep.
From the Saint Filadelfio which I am sure gave name to the later
San Fratello , a comune (municipality) in the province of Messina
in the Italian region Sicily, founded already in the 11th century.
The name of San Fratello derives from three pious brothers
Alfio, Cirino and Filadelfio. In their honour a festival is held annually
on 10th of May.
The name Filadelfio, an old Greek name which means love, friendship
and brotherhood we can also find in other communitites, widespread,
from Italy to USA and used from antique time and forward.
In San Fratello Benedict the Moor, was born to African slave parents
and freed at birth by their master. The boy grew up here, where he joined
a Franciscan hermitage. He later joined a friary in Palermo. He became known
for his exemplary life and was canonized as an Italian saint in 1807.
He has been internationally venerated in the Catholic and Lutheran churches,
and was the first black saint canonized with a regular canonical process.
Also the Grandfather of Bettino Craxi ,Italian politician, the first Socialist
President of the Council of Ministers of Italy(1983 to 1987) was born here.
Besides the city of Philadelphia in Pensylvania or the Filadelfia
in the Province of Vibo Valentia in the Italian region Calabria,
Filadelfia in Paraguay and Nea Filadelfeia (Greek: Νέα Φιλαδέλφεια,
meaning New Philadelphia) a suburb of Athens, Greece, there are surely
many more I haven’t found.
Philadelphia: brotherly love, a city of Lydia in Asia Minor, about 25 miles
south-east of Sardis. It was the seat of one of the “seven churches”
( Revelation 3:7-12 ). It came into the possession of the Turks in A.D. 1392.
It has several times been nearly destroyed by earthquakes, but is still a town
of considerable size, called Allahshehr, “the city of God.”
We have also South Philadelphia known for its large Italian American population,
as well as its Irish American population.
The Name Filadelfio has also given the name (Filadelfia) for the religious
movement which started with St. Francis de Sales Roman Catholic Church,
founded in 1890.It is a Catholic church in University City, Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania, part of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Philadelphia.
The diocese was erected by Pope Pius VII on April 8, 1808, from territories
of the Archdiocese of Baltimore.
Population as of 2013 Total 4.070.000
Catholics 1.489.000 (36.6%)
Its cornerstone laid in 1907 the Guastavino tiled dome of the de Sales´ parish
has been an icon in its neighbourhood. The de Sales parish was designed
by Philadelphia architect Henry D. Dagit, built in the
Byzantine Revival style and incorporates a Guastavino tile dome
modeled on that of Istanbul’s Hagia Sophia and elements of the
Arts and Crafts movement which was at its peak when the church was built.
Some words about De Sales .
Francis de Sales(French: François de Sales; August 1567 – 1622)
was a Bishop of Geneva and is honored as a saint
in the Roman Catholic Church. He became noted for his deep faith
and his gentle approach to the religious divisions in his land
resulting from the Protestant Reformation. He is known also for his writings
on the topic of spiritual direction and spiritual formation,
particularly the Introduction to the Devout Life and
the Treatise on the Love of God.
Francis de Sales was born on 21 August 1567 in the Château de Sales
into the noble Sales family of the Duchy of Savoy.
In 1583, De Sales went to the Collège de Clermont
(later renamed Lycée Louis-le-Grand) in Paris, then a Jesuit institution,
to study rhetoric and humanities. As a nobleman, he was accompanied
by his own servant and by a priest tutor, Abbe Deage.
To please his father, he took lessons in the gentlemanly pursuits
of riding, dancing, and fencing.
In Music and other arts Phildelphia has given name to many things.
The song by Elton John “Philadelphia freedom “. Lyrics by Bernie Taupin
Cause I live and breathe this Philadelphia freedom
From the day that I was born I’ve waved the flag
Philadelphia freedom took me knee-high to a man
Yeah gave me peace of my mind daddy never had.
Another use of the name is: Philadelphia cheese
and also Filadelfia sallad, surely to be found all over Europe
at least in Greece (the sallad with roasted chicken).
Behind the name of the city Philadelphia stays today
as a declaration of its origin:
From the name of a city in Asia Minor mentioned in Revelation
in the New Testament. The name of the city meant
“brotherly love” from Greek φιλεω (phileo) “to love”
and αδελφος (adelphos) “brother”. The City , Her gender is female.
I can’t reach further today cause all goes back to The Saint Filadelfio
from the small town build in the 11the century on the Isle of Sicily.
With our remembrance of all the people migrated from the city
of the today´s San Fratello, to work and find new places for their living
especially in USA, the person the Saint Filadelfio has had a remarkable
influence on their lives. People now living in the society of Philadelphia,
or all around the world ,what I know of, are a religious hard working people,
forming and building up their lives according to and in the spirit
of the Saint Filadelfio following his trace of love, friendship and brotherhood .
February 2016. ©k.c.