Geoffrey-Chaucer-007

LYRIC AND POETRY
Lesson 3

Today I will take up the subject about visualizing and closeness.
The poetic or lyric languish has a variety of giving us pictures.
In some ways we can use the words direct from our nature, like stars
trees, sky , and sea, and we can also colour those words ,using their real
colour but also make them different to reality.
As a poet we have also the freedom to see something else in the nature
to use our imagination, to form and create another picture to the reader.
An example:
I, a wanderer meeting here the old oak
like a stoned moose with a miles wide crown
before the September Sea
and its black green fortress.

Northern Storm. It’s the time when roan berries
in bunches are growing ripe
Awake in the darkness you hear
the stars stamping in their nests
high over the tree. ( a free translation of a poem by The Author Transtömer k.c.)

In Prose: A wanderer finding an old oak and suddenly the oak
starts to look like a moose with its crown.
The wanderer is at the Sea, it is September and a Northern storm.
He has seen the roan berries being red and will admit that the winter
is close( the roan berries time for being ripe) and in his nightly imagination he can see the stars high over the tree.

This is an example of how the poet can see something which is an earthly mystery and an universal dimension not real. The verse is close to a Greek verse-scheme almost like a Sapphic strophe.

The term “picture” is not precise but is so obvious to the poetic imaginational world that we can’t avoid it.
We can also use a metaphorical language to make our pictures.
A form which can be both living and dead metaphors.
the best example I can give is the word leg of the Stool… as a dead metaphor which we not see as a poetic word but here connected to the body as creating a picture from only words.
When the leg of the Stool is connected to the sit place it will further more get
a back and it is not possible to describe this phenomenon in an alternative way.
This is called catachresis, from the Greek word, meaning misuse and in a bigger meaning that we press the meaning of the word.
The Word catachresis is often considered as non rhetoric because there are
always some mistakes.
Another example of a dead metaphor but NOT catachresis is “The foot of the Mountain”, which is heavy but fully possible to use but also to exchange to some other words . “The ground, the base, of the Mountain”

We know that a Metaphor is a figure of speech ,strongly implying similarities
of two items directly compared as equal and does not apply any words like
“such as” “like” or “as”.
The metaphor is very close to the Allegoric figure, where a symbolic thing will be embodied and must be interpreted by the reader to be understandable, often used in fables, fairy stories and also in the bible.
A good example is the story “Roman of the Rose”, by Guillaume de Lorris probably started on the verses already in 1240 and translated by Geoffrey Chaucer (born 1343 and dead around 1400) where the rose gets the body of a woman, and in the fables or fairy stories of Perrault’s “Tales of Mother Goose.” A collection of fairy tales and nursery rhymes.
The goose itself, the name of an archetypal country woman. The English readers were already familiar to “Mother Hubbard” a stock of figures, when Edmund Spencer published his satire “Mother Hubbard’s Tale in 1590.

The science can confirm, that the philosophical use of the language and in our thinking take a form of pictures in our minds. To understand the mental pictures of the poetic language or the poem created of the writer and to bee seen by the reader is important for understanding.

The next part of my articles will take up other mental pictures, so here I stop for today.
Take care.

©kerstin centervall

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